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You are being invited to participate in a research study about understand how people, primarily first or second line leaders, make “every day” decisions in situations where there are limited resources and there are multiple, often conflicting, demands by Stakeholders.  This study is being conducted by Bruce H. Bader, from the College of Technology at Indiana State University.

You are being asked to participate in a survey of managers because you most likely face these decisions regularly. 

There are no known risks if you decide to participate in this research study. There are no costs to you for participating in the study. The information you provide will be entered into a data base to look for averages.  The questionnaire will take about 10 minutes to complete. The information collected may not benefit you directly, but the information learned in this study should provide more general benefits.

This survey is anonymous. Do not write your name on the survey. The web-site containing this survey will not collect IP addresses of participants.  No one will be able to identify you or your answers, and no one will know whether or not you participated in the study. Individuals from your organization will not be given any of the individual results.  Individuals from the Institutional Review Board may inspect these records. Should the data be published, no individual information will be disclosed.

Your participation in this study is voluntary. Your responses will not be shared with your supervisor for promotion, retention or pay increase considerations.  By completing this survey you are voluntarily agreeing to participate. You are free to decline to answer any particular question you do not wish to answer for any reason.

If you have any questions about the study, please contact Bruce Bader, bbader@sycamores.indstate,edu 920-680-9835 

If you have any questions about your rights as a research subject or if you feel you’ve been placed at risk, you may contact the Indiana State University Institutional Review Board (IRB) by mail at Indiana State University, Office of Sponsored Programs, Terre Haute,  IN,  47809, by phone at (812) 237-8217, or by e-mail at

Do you consent to take this survey?